Collaborative Learning is an education proposition which is based on the social act of participation and learning together in a group. This approach is an active process of assimilation of information, new knowledge, engaging with peers, memorizing, regurgitating, and articulating ideas. Many trainers, teachers, coaches use this intellectual method as it is structured learning which allows the student or learner to understand and respond to other’s ideas and effectively learning from each other. The small groups address each other’s misunderstandings and clarify the concepts with oral communication.
TYPES OF COLLABORATIVE LEARNING
Collaborative Learning can be of different types. To name a few –
Think-pair-share – the most common type where the exchange of ideas takes place between a pair and they act together while listening to the other.
Informal collaborative learning – It is based on the informal setting of the environment or the surrounding. An example of a class broken into segments when allowed to discuss their group projects fits under this type
Formal Collaborative Learning – It is a type of learning which is based on the formal setting of the learning environment. An example of students applying to study for projects to work together fits under this type.
4. Problem-based learning- It is based on working with a particular problem. Its main objective is to understand the problem at hand and then find the solution together. 5. Collaborative base groups – In this type, students create a long, stable community to learn matters not only related to academics but also related to other spheres of life. They develop healthy cognitive and social habits.
Jigsaw collaborative learning – This kind of learning is based on handling the problems by breaking it down into several parts and then contributing the solution to it.